Scrugg’s Automotive Repair is an official New York state vehicle inspection station! * An appointment is recommended for an inspection.

All vehicles registered in New York State must get a safety inspection and an emissions inspection every 12 months. Both inspections are also required when the ownership of a vehicle is transferred. (Some vehicles are exempt from emissions inspections.)


Seat Belts
Vehicle Inspection

Inspect for proper operation and anchorage.

Model years 1969 and newer – one seat belt is required for each seating position
Model years 1967 and 1968 – two front seat belts are required (driver position included), and one seat belt is required for each seating position elsewhere in the vehicle
Model years 1965 and 1966 – two front seat belts are required (driver position included)

Your vehicle’s Air Bag Warning Lamp will be checked for proper operation. You will be informed if the vehicle’s air bag warning lamp is on or is not working. This is an advisement only and not cause for rejection.


At least one front wheel must be removed to inspect the brakes.

Brake pedal reserve – brake pedal must have 1/3 reserve
Brake pedal fade – brake must hold for one minute without fading
Power brake unit – check for proper operation
Brake master cylinder – check for leakage and proper fluid level
Disc brake pads – check condition
Drum brake linings – thickness of linings must be at least 1/16 inch on bonded linings or at least 1/32 inch over rivet head on riveted linings, with no loose or missing rivets or lining
Brake drums and/or rotors – check condition
Wheel cylinders and/or calipers – check for leakage
All brake lines and hoses – check for leaks, cracks, chafing, restrictions, and improper support
Parking brake – check for components and function
Brake equalization – test vehicle for a straight stop without significant wheel pull

Steering, Front End, Suspension, Chassis, Frame & Wheel Fasteners

Front end assembly – check condition
Steering wheel play – check for excessive free play
All steering linkage – check for tightness or binding, excessive wear and/or looseness in parts, including idler arm, center control arm, tie-rod ends, drag link ends, steering and pitman arms, gear box, cross shafts, bushings, wheel bearings, steering column or steering wheel shaft mounting
Power steering – check operation, condition of belt, and for leakage
Shock absorbers – check shock mountings and for broken or missing shock absorbers
Springs and torsion bars – check for sagging or broken springs, or a broken, disconnected, missing or bent torsion or stabilizer bar
Chassis/frame – check for breaks, cracks, or severe rust at the suspension attachment points
Wheel fasteners – check for missing or broken parts


(Except spare)

Tread depth – must be at least 2/32 inch when measured in two adjacent major tread grooves showing the most wear
Tire condition – check for any fabric break or cut over the length or width of 1 inch, visible bumps, bulges or knots, and any restricted use designation on the tire
Tire pressure – You will be informed if the vehicle’s tire pressure in not within the manufacturer’s recommendation. This is an advisement only, and not cause for rejection.


All lighting must be of an approved type and inspected for operation, proper mounting, and broken or missing lenses. Side marker lamps, parking lamps, and additional flashing turning lamps mounted on the side of the vehicle are not inspected.

Headlights (low and high beam)
Tail lamps
Stop lamps
Directional signals
Backup lights (1969 and newer)
License plate lights
Hazard warning/four-way flasher (1966 and newer)
Directional signal indicator

Windshield And Other Glass

No crack of 11 inches long or longer is allowed if any part of the crack is within the area cleared by the windshield wiper.

Windshield – check for presence and condition
All windows – approved safety glass or rigid plastic and condition

Windshield Wipers And Blades

(Not including rear window or headlamp wipers)

Wipers – check for presence and operation
Blades – check condition


Check mounting and operation


Check mirror locations for proper mounting, cracks, breaks, and/or discoloration:

Model year 1970 and newer – must have a left outside mirror and an inside mirror, or both left and right outer mirrors
Model year 1968 and newer – must have a left outside mirror
1967 and older – must have one mirror that is either an inside mirror or a left outside mirror

Note: Any vehicle that has a permanent obstruction of the view through the rear window (Example: a truck or van) must have both a left-side mirror and a right-side outside mirror.

Fuel Leaks

Any fuel leak that causes dripping or pooling is not acceptable.

What The Emissions Inspection Inspects

Each emissions inspection confirms the presence and connection of the vehicle’s required emission control devices. This includes making sure that the vehicle’s gas cap is present and in good condition, and fits properly fit.

The emission control devices are examined if the vehicle was originally manufactured with them. The vehicle model years affected are indicated.

Catalytic converter (CAT) – all model years
Exhaust gas re circulation valve (EGR) – all model years
Positive crankcase ventilation system (PCV) – all model years
Air injection system (AIS) – 1984 and newer
Evaporative emission control (EVAP) – 1984 and newer
Fuel inlet restrictor (FIR) – 1984 and newer
Thermostatic air cleaner (TAC) – 1984 and newer

You can help your vehicle pass an emissions inspection by keeping it properly maintained. If the vehicle’s Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL, or “check engine” light) indicates there may be a malfunction or other problem, have the vehicle properly repaired. A well maintained, functioning vehicle uses less fuel and creates less exhaust emissions.